In 2011, an unusually large number of independent Hendra virus outbreaks were recorded on horse properties in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia. Urine from bat colonies adjacent to the outbreak sites were sampled and screened for Hendra and other viruses.
Several novel paramyxoviruses were also isolated at different locations. Here one of the novel viruses, named Hervey virus (HerPV), is fully characterized by genome sequencing, annotation, phylogeny and in vitro host range, and its serological cross-reactivity and neutralization patterns are examined.
HerPV may have ecological and spatial and temporal patterns similar to Hendra virus and could serve as a sentinel virus for the surveillance of this highly pathogenic virus. The suitability of HerPV as potential sentinel virus is further assessed by determining the serological prevalence of HerPV antibodies in fruit-eating bats from Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania and the Gulf of Guinea, indicating the presence of similar viruses in regions beyond the Australian border.
The study is from the Robert Koch Institute, Centre for Biological Threats and Special Pathogens, Berlin, Germany; CSIRO Health and Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Queensland Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; EcoHealth Alliance, New York, USA; and Programme in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore.
Kohl C, Tachedjian M, Todd S, et al. PLoS One 2018;13(2):e0191933. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191933.