Acute kidney injury (AKI) in cats is associated with high mortality, partially attributed to late recognition of the disease when using currently available markers. Feline chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a variable progression rate. This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of urinary heat shock protein-72 to urinary creatinine ratio (uHSP72:uCr) as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in feline AKI, and as a prognostic indicator in feline CKD. The study included 63 cats, divided into five groups: healthy controls (n=10), urethral obstruction (UO; n=7), CKD (n=15), AKI (16 cats) and acute decompensating CKD (ACKD; n=15). Median uHSP72:uCr (ng/mg) of healthy, UO, CKD, AKI and ACKD cats were 0.44 (range, 0.13-1.1), 1.96 (range, 0.64-11.9), 4.2ng/mg (range, 0.57-22.16), 3.2 (range, 0.42-10.91) and 7.0 (range, 1.2-20.96), respectively, and differed (P<0.001) among groups.
uHSP72:uCr was significantly lower in the controls vs. the CKD, AKI and ACKD groups. Receiver operator characteristic analysis of uHSP72:uCr, including the AKI and control groups, showed an area under the curve of 0.93 (95 per cent confidence interval, 0.84-1.00), indicating an excellent predictive performance for diagnosing AKI. A 0.54ng/mg cutoff point corresponded to 94 per cent sensitivity and 70 per cent specificity for diagnosing AKI. The median survival time of cats with CKD with low uHSP72:uCr was longer (P=0.036) than in those with high uHSP72:uCr (561 vs. 112 days, respectively). uHSP72:uCr is a highly sensitive, moderately specific marker of AKI in cats, and is associated with the survival of cats with CKD. The study is from the Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.
Chen H, Avital Y, Bruchim Y, et al. Vet J 2019;243:77-81. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.11.015.