Abstracts: Parasites and vector-borne diseases disseminated by rehomed dogs

The Companion Vector-Borne Diseases (CVBD) World Forum is a working group of leading international experts who meet annually to evaluate current scientific findings and future trends concerning the distribution, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and prevention of vector-borne infections of dogs and cats.

At the 14th Symposium of the CVBD World Forum in Trieste, Italy (March 25-28, 2019), we identified the need to (i) bring attention to the potential spread of parasites and vectors with relocated dogs, and (ii) provide advice to the veterinary profession regarding the importance of surveillance and treatment for parasites and vector-borne infections when rehoming dogs.

This letter shares a consensus statement from the CVBD World Forum as well as a summary of the problem faced, including the role of veterinary professionals in parasite surveillance, causal issues, and the importance of interdisciplinary cooperation in addressing the problem.

To limit opportunities for dissemination of parasites and vectors, whenever possible, underlying problems creating the need for dog rehoming should be addressed. However, when it is necessary to rehome dogs, this should ideally take place in the country and national region of origin. When geographically distant relocation occurs, veterinary professionals have a vital role to play in public education, vigilance for detection of exotic vectors and infections, and alerting the medical community to the risk(s) for pathogen spread.

With appropriate veterinary intervention, dog welfare needs can be met without inadvertently allowing global spread of parasites and their vectors.

The study is from The Mount Veterinary Practice, Fleetwood, UK; Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa; School of Veterinary Medicine, São Paulo State University, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel; Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, Nantes, France; Department Microbiology & Immunology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA; Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA; Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Legnaro, Italy; Department of Veterinary Sciences and Animal and Veterinary Research Centre (CECAV), University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), Vila Real, Portugal; Aggeu Magalhães Institute, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Recife, Brazil; College of Veterinary Medicine, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia; Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany; Department Animal Medicine and Surgery, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain; Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy; Institute for Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, Goethe-University, Frankfurt, Germany; Clinic of Small Animals, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany; TransMIT GmbH, Giessen, Germany; Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; Clinglobal, Tamarin, Mauritius; Global Health and Tropical Medicine, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal; Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; LABOKLIN GmbH, Bad Kissingen, Germany; Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy; Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy; Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; Institute of Animal Hygiene and Veterinary Public Health, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Hospital Clínic Veterinari, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, South Korea; Lehrstuhl für Bakteriologie und Mykologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany; Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; Melbourne Veterinary School, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; and Department of Pathobiology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.

Ian Wright Frans Jongejan Mary Marcondes ,et al.  Parasit Vectors 2020;13(1):546. doi: 10.1186/s13071-020-04407-5. Free PMC article

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