The Role of Bits in Equitation: A Welfare Issue

Introduction
Traditionally, the use of a bitted bridle has been the principal method by which the ridden horse has been controlled (Quick & Warren-Smith, 2009). The use of a bit is invasive, since it causes discomfort in the mouth and interferes with breathing (Cook, 1999). Additionally, a bit affects oral behaviours and, when accompanied by excessive . . . → Read More: The Role of Bits in Equitation: A Welfare Issue