Essay: Decreasing undesired aggression in military working dogs and improving their welfare

This essay is one of a number selected for The Veterinarian magazine Prize for Written Communication for Sydney University third-year veterinary science students.

Military working dogs (MWDs) are employed worldwide to assist in law enforcement and military operations. They are trained to display controlled acts of aggression during defence situations, such as in the case of a serious threat or attack. However, some MWDs may direct aggression toward humans or animals outside the working context and this type of aggression is deemed undesirable (Haverbeke et al., 2004). Furthermore, MWDs are usually housed individually in kennels, an environment associated with high cortisol concentrations and stress-related behaviours such as stereotypies (Taylor & Mills, 2007). When under stress, dogs may react to otherwise neutral situations, showing fearful behaviour that can often lead to aggression (Rooney et al., 2009). Continue reading Essay: Decreasing undesired aggression in military working dogs and improving their welfare

Bleomycin/interleukin-12 electrochemogenetherapy for treating naturally occurring spontaneous neoplasms in dogs

On the basis of superior outcomes from electrochemogenetherapy (ECGT) compared with electrochemotherapy in mice, researchers from the  Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA,  determined the efficacy of ECGT applied to spontaneous canine neoplasms.

Study reveals EIV in dogs

A study led by Peter Kirkland of the Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute at Camden, NSW, has revealed a number of Australian dogs kept near horses were affected by the equine influenza virus (EIV) during the 2007 outbreak of the disease.

The study said the first case occurred near a large stable, where a dog was reported as inappetant and lethargic with slight nasal discharge and a harsh, persistent cough.
In the following weeks, dogs in or near stables with infected horses, including dogs whose owners were handling infected horses or dogs that were only housed with infected dogs, were examined. Continue reading Study reveals EIV in dogs