Fish species failing to adapt to warming oceans

Biotest study species European perchA research project associated with Sweden’s University of Gothenberg has found the impact from steadily rising ocean temperatures could prove fatal for some fish species. As well as the loss of biodiversity in the world’s oceans, the impact from warming seas on both marine mammals, and human populations that rely heavily on fish as a food source, would also be dramatic.
University of Tasmania senior research fellow Timothy Clark was a member of the Swedish team that conducted tests during 2012 and 2013 on European perch (Perca fluviatilis) from the ‘Biotest’ lake enclosure in the Baltic Sea. For over 30 years, these fish have been subjected to the lake’s ‘elevated’ water temperatures that are heated by the nearby Forsmark nuclear power plant.
The tests were also conducted on ‘reference’ fish populations from outside the enclosure, and results showed that while the fish are able to adapt their resting physiological functions to slowly rising temperatures, their maximum physiological functions are far less flexible.
“The fish can increase their lethal temperature by a certain amount, but they can’t keep up with the current rate of global water temperature increases,” Clark said. Continue reading Fish species failing to adapt to warming oceans

Abstracts: Ventricular arrhythmias in Rhodesian Ridgebacks with a family history of sudden death and results of a pedigree analysis for potential inheritance patterns

OBJECTIVE To evaluate a group of related Rhodesian Ridgebacks with a family history of sudden death for the presence of arrhythmia and to identify possible patterns of disease inheritance among these dogs.
DESIGN Prospective case series and pedigree investigation.
ANIMALS 25 Rhodesian Ridgebacks with shared bloodlines.
PROCEDURES Pedigrees of 4 young dogs (1 female and 3 males; age, 7 to 12 months) that died suddenly were evaluated, and owners of closely related dogs were asked to participate in the study. Dogs were evaluated by 24-hour Holter monitoring, standard ECG, echocardiography, or some combination of these to assess cardiac status. Necropsy reports, if available, were reviewed. Continue reading Abstracts: Ventricular arrhythmias in Rhodesian Ridgebacks with a family history of sudden death and results of a pedigree analysis for potential inheritance patterns

Abstracts: Physical health problems and environmental challenges influence balancing behaviour in laying hens

With rising public concern for animal welfare, many major food chains and restaurants are changing their policies, strictly buying their eggs from non-cage producers. However, with the additional space in these cage-free systems to perform natural behaviours and movements comes the risk of injury. We evaluated the ability to maintain balance in adult laying hens with health problems (footpad dermatitis, keel damage, poor wing feather cover; n = 15) using a series of environmental challenges and compared such abilities with those of healthy birds (n = 5). Continue reading Abstracts: Physical health problems and environmental challenges influence balancing behaviour in laying hens

Abstracts: Pathogenesis of osteochondrosis dissecans: How does this translate to management of the clinical case?

Osteochondrosis (OC) is the most prevalent developmental orthopaedic disease in the horse. It is a complex disorder because of the interplay of factors that influence the formation of lesions and the ensuing natural healing process, the end result of which determines clinical outcome. The early pathogenetic mechanism of OC has long remained elusive, but recent research . . . → Read More: Abstracts: Pathogenesis of osteochondrosis dissecans: How does this translate to management of the clinical case?

Abstracts: Assessing positive emotional states in dogs using heart rate and heart rate variability

Since most animal species have been recognised as sentient beings, emotional state may be a good indicator of welfare in animals. The goal of this study was to manipulate the environment of nine beagle research dogs to highlight physiological responses indicative of different emotional experiences. Stimuli were selected to be a more or a less positive food (meatball or food pellet) or social reward (familiar person or less familiar person). That all the stimuli were positive and of different reward value was confirmed in a runway motivation test. Dogs were tested individually while standing facing a display theatre where the different stimuli could be shown by lifting a shutter. Continue reading Abstracts: Assessing positive emotional states in dogs using heart rate and heart rate variability