Nonsurgical fertility control for managing free-roaming dog populations: a review of products and criteria for field applications

About 75 per cent of dogs worldwide are free to roam and reproduce, thus creating locally overabundant populations. Problems caused by roaming dogs include diseases transmitted to livestock and humans, predation on livestock, attacks on humans, road traffic accidents, and nuisance behavior.

Nonsurgical fertility control is increasingly advocated as more cost-effective than surgical sterilization to manage dog populations and their impact.

The aims of this review were to 1) analyze trends in numbers of scientific publications on nonsurgical fertility control for dogs; 2) illustrate the spectrum of fertility inhibitors available for dogs; 3) examine how differences between confined and free-roaming dogs might affect the choice of fertility inhibitors to be used in dog population management; and 4) provide a framework of criteria to guide decisions regarding the use of nonsurgical fertility controlĀ for dog population management. Continue reading Nonsurgical fertility control for managing free-roaming dog populations: a review of products and criteria for field applications

Effects of age and reproductive status on postoperative pain after routine ovariohysterectomy in cats

A prospective clinical trial to compare the effects of age and reproductive status on postoperative pain was conducted in 145 female cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy using injectable anaesthesia. Continue reading Effects of age and reproductive status on postoperative pain after routine ovariohysterectomy in cats