A proposed radiographic classification scheme for congenital thoracic vertebral malformations in brachycephalic “screw-tailed”dog breeds

Congenital vertebral malformations are common in brachycephalic “screw-tailed” dog breeds such as French bulldogs, English bulldogs, Boston terriers, and pugs. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether a radiographic classification scheme developed for use in humans would be feasible for use in these dog breeds. Inclusion criteria were hospital admission between September 2009 . . . → Read More: A proposed radiographic classification scheme for congenital thoracic vertebral malformations in brachycephalic “screw-tailed”dog breeds